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Elements of Visual Art - Line

Grades: K, 1, 2, 3
Related Subjects: English - Language Arts, Visual & Performing Arts
Medium: Painting
Class time required: 1 X 40 minute session
Author: SDMA Education Department

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Summary

In this one-session lesson, students will be able to identify different types of lines in pieces of artwork and in the environment. Students will then create a painting using different types of lines.

Materials

Images

Untitled, Janet Sobel

Untitled, Janet Sobel
Janet Sobel

Untitled, Charles Arnoldi

Untitled, Charles Arnoldi
Charles Arnoldi

Doors I

Doors I
Claudia Fernandez

Synchroformic #18 - Horizontal Duo

Synchroformic #18 - Horizontal Duo
John Sennhauser

Teachers Preparation

  • Print the images onto overhead transparencies.

Procedures

1. Have a discussion with the students about line: Who knows what a line looks like? Have a few students draw lines on the board. Do all lines have to be straight? Can lines be wavy? Can lines be zigzag?

2. Read a book about lines to the students.

3. Ask a few students to draw different types of lines on the board. Label each line (
straight, curved, wavy, zigzag, broken, thick, thin, horizontal, vertical, diagonal).

4. Show students images of artwork. Have the students identify the different lines in the artwork.

5. Hand out construction paper and fingerpaints to each student. Have the students create a painting using the different lines they just learned about.

6. Have the students complete a journal entry about their paintings using the new vocabulary.

Standards

CA Content Standards

Kindergarten Visual Arts:
1.3 Identify the elements of art (line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space) in the environment and in works of art, emphasizing line, color, and shape/form.

First Grade Visual Arts:
1.3 Identify the elements of art in objects in nature, in the environment, and in works of art, emphasizing line, color, shape/form, and texture.

4.1 Discuss works of art created in the classroom, focusing on selected elements of art (e.g., shape/form, texture, line, color).

Second Grade Visual Arts:
1.3 Identify the elements of art in objects in nature, the environment, and works of art, emphasizing line, color, shape/form, texture, and space.

Kindergarten English-Language Arts:
1.0 Students write words and brief sentences that are legible.

2.1 Describe people, places, things (e.g., size, color, shape), locations, and actions.

First Grade English-Language Arts:
2.2 Respond to who, what, when, where, and how questions.

1.0 Students write clear and coherent sentences and paragraphs that develop a central idea. Their writing shows they consider the audience and purpose.

2.1 Write brief narratives (e.g., fictional, autobiographical) describing an experience.

1.0 Students listen critically and respond appropriately to oral communication.

Second Grade English-Language Arts:
1.0 Students write clear and coherent sentences and paragraphs that develop a central idea. Their writing shows they consider the audience and purpose.

2.1 Write brief narratives based on their experiences.

1.0 Students listen critically and respond appropriately to oral communication.

Bibliography/Webography

Teachers

Gray, Donna B. From the Eye of the Camera to the Hand of the Artist. Cincinnati, OH: Betterway Books, 1992. [section titled “Elements of Art and Principles of Design”]

Kellein, Thomas. Donald Judd, 1955-1968. New York: D.A.P., 2002.

Sparkes, Roy. Teaching Art Basics. London: B. T. Batsford; New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1973.


Learning to Look at Art
Learn about the elements of art by looking at famous pieces of artwork.  This Web site provides background information on the piece of artwork and descriptions of how each piece is an example of an art element (line, color, texture, shape, form, space, and value.)  It also includes interactive and printable activities for students.

Foundations in Art, University of Delaware
An introduction to the elements of art that includes images of artwork and concise explanations.

Art Basics, San Diego State University
The seven formal elements of art are described on this Web site.

A Guide to Building Visual Arts Lessons, The J. Paul Getty Museum
This comprehensive Web site includes definitions and examples of art elements, as well as a grade-by-grade guide to creating lessons for the classroom.  It also includes several CA-standards aligned lesson plans for each grade level that focus on the elements of art.

Students

Court, Rob. Lines. Chanhassen, MN: Child’s World, 2003

Greene, Rhonda Gowler. When a Line Bends, a Shape Begins. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Richardson, Joy. Looking at Pictures: an introduction to art for young people. New York: Harry Abrams, 1997.

Yenawine, Philip. Lines. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1991

The Artist’s Toolkit: Visual Elements and Principles
Students can “Explore the Toolkit” to learn about and interact with the elements of art and create their own artwork.

Partners


Museum of Photographic Arts
Mingei Museum Timken Museum of Art

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